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Setting up a Magento2 project in PhpStorm

Setting up a Magento2 project in PhpStorm

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  • Setting up a Magento2 project in PhpStorm
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    Abramchenko Anton
    Abramchenko Anton

    Good afternoon, my name is Anton Abramchenko and I’m a PHP developer with 10 years of experience, the last 4 of which I have devoted to working with Magento 2. Like most of us, I use the Jetbrains PHPStorm development environment and today I would like to learn how you can quickly and freely work with Magento 2 in this IDE. In the article, I am using PhpStorm 2021.3.1 and Magento 2.4.3, which are the latest versions at the time of writing, and the Ubuntu 20.04 operating system.

    Base Appearance Configurations

    First, let’s take care of our vision.

    File -> Settings -> Appearance Behavior -> Appearance

    Enable a dark theme for example Darcula or any other alternative of your choice.

    File | Settings | Editor | Font

    Increase the font size from 16pt and up.

    Useful plugins

    File | Settings | Plugins

    Now we can install all the plugins we need to get started.

    I am using the following plugins:

    Magento PhpStorm

    Magento PhpStorm simplifies work with Magento 2, and extends the IDE functionality with the following:

    • Navigate to configuration quick transition to DI for class/interface
    • Go to plugin quick transition in DI to the place where the plugin is declared
    • Navigate to Web API configuration quick transition to the configuration of the API method.
    • Plugin class method generation
    • Plugin declaration validation
    • Help navigation and RequireJS links
    • Help navigation and MFTF links
    • Code generation
    • XML configuration checks

    After installing the plugin, head to File | Settings | PHP | Frameworks

    Enable Magento integration.

    In the Magento installation path field, enter the full path to your project

    Then click “Rreindex” and “Apply”.

    After reindex is complete, the IDE will be updated with new features.

    Php Inspections ​(EA Extended)​

    Php Inspections extend the level of code inspection and include

    • architecture related issues
    • performance issues
    • suboptimal, repetitive, and suspicious “if” conditions
    • checking the use of magic methods
    • regular expressions
    • compatibility issues
    • using PHPUnit API
    • security issues

    Head to File | Settings | Editor | Inspections

    For changing the code inspection settings.

    Rainbow Brackets

    Colors brackets in different colors, which improves the readability of the code.

    Tabnine AI Code Completion

    Artificial intelligence that learns auto-completion from your code and the code of your colleagues.

    Develop with Docker

    Set up the ability to use Docker from the IDE.

    File | Settings | Build, Execution, Deployment | Docker

    We will be looking at Docker configuration on Linux OS.

    If you want to install Docker on a different operating system or you want to learn more about PhpStorm’s Docker features

    follow this link.

    For Linux, just select the Unix Socket in “Connect Docker daemon with” and click the “Apply” button.

    Now when we click on “Services”, we can work with Docker.

    For example, we can look at the output of each container.

    Or connect to the container and manage the data from within.

    Set up the interpreter File | Settings | PHP

    To work with the PHP interpreter from a Docker container, you need to configure the CLI Interpreter and Path mapping.

    Split project by scopes

    Now let’s set up the scopes of the IDE (scopes).

    The scope is a set of files to which various operations and settings are applied, it is also possible to highlight these files using color in all PhpStorm windows. You can see the full description here

    In order to set scopes go to:

    File | Settings | Appearance & Behavior | Scopes

    I usually create 5 scopes:

    develop – file[project_name]:build/app/code/VendorName//

    community – file[project_name]:build/app/code/CommunityVendorName//

    generated – file[project_name]:build/generated//

    lib – file[project_name]:build/lib//

    After we have created scopes, let’s highlight them

    File | Settings | Appearance & Behavior | File Colors

    As a result, this will easily help you navigate the code, immediately see your and third-party, generated files in the stack trace, and search for files.

    Directories Index

    We will also set up directory indexing.

    Let’s exclude all auxiliary directories from the index to speed up our IDE. We also mark the Sources and Resource Root directories.

    File | Settings | Directories

    Also, use the “Exclude files” field to exclude files by regular expression.For instance

    .log;.txt;*Test.php; *.ts,!*.spec.ts

    This pattern will remove from the index all .log, .text files, as well as all php test files whose name ends with Test.php

    And it will also exclude all .spect.ts files from the index and leave .ts in the index

    You can find more information about Directories here.

    Docker-compose template

    Now let’s take a closer look at the directory structure on the top level there are three folders:

    bin – bash scripts for convenient work with the ecosystem of Docker containers, deploying and updating the environment.

    docker – everything you need to locally build a project based on docker-compose.

    build – Magento 2.4.3 project.

    docker-compose.yml – environment configuration and initialization file.

    docker-compose.override.template.yml – file for redefining environment configurations.

    README.md – detailed description of the environment and its deployment

    The build folders and the parent folder are two separate git repositories. The build folder is excluded from the parent repository in .gitignore

    File | Settings | Version Control | Directory Mappings

    This separation of project and environment allows you to extend them independently and reuse the environment for other projects. The environment build (docker-compose template) includes docker images with the following software:

    Database: MariaDB 10.4

    Web server: Nginx 1.18

    PHP 7.4 (FPM)

    Redis 6.0 (for cache and session storage)

    RabbitMQ 3.8

    Maildump (for mail catch)

    Elasticsearch 7.3.1 (for full-text search)

    Kibana 7.3.1 (Elasticsearch GUI)

    Filebit 7.3.1 (Logs harvester)

    If you are interested, we can consider this assembly in detail in a separate article. Now it is important that it includes everything you need for comfortable work with Magento 2. Also, pay attention to the following popular builds.

    https://github.com/markshust/docker-magento

    https://github.com/meanbee/docker-magento2

    Copyright Profile Configurations

    Now let’s set the copyright for the project files, each new file will be created with the copyright of your company.

    Let’s create a profile.

    File | Settings | Editor | Copyright | Copyright Profiles

    And set up the format for PHP files, I use the following configuration.

    File | Settings | Editor | Copyright | Formatting | PHP

    And apply copyright to all project scopes.

    File | Settings | Editor | Copyright

    As a result, each PHP file we create will have a copyright of this kind.

    In copyright, you can use variables and many other constructs from Velocity template.

    For example, $today.year to display the current year.

    Follow the link to learn more about PhpStorm’s copyright features.

    Uniform Resource Names (URNs)

    Now let’s set up auto-completion and validation in xml files.

    Open a terminal and generate Uniform Resource Names (URNs)

    Open the project folder and run the following command:

    bin/magento dev:urn-catalog:generate misc.xml

    And now copy misc.xml to the folder .idea at the root of your PHPStorm project.

    To see which URNs have been created go to:

    File | Settings | Languages & Frameworks | Schemas and DTDs

    Now let’s see how db_schema.xml looked before and after setting up the URN

    Inspection and Static Code Analysis Tools

    Now it’s time to set up Inspections

    Magento 2 Coding Standards are already in the folder vendor

    Let’s head to File | Settings | PHP | Quality Tools to specify an interpreter for PHP_CodeSniffer, Mess Detector, and other static code analyzers. Since we are using Docker, we will be using the PHP interpreter located in the mage_app container.

    Click on the button … in the window Settings

    In the opened PHP_CodeSniffer window click on the “+” button to create or select an existing CLI Interpreters.

    Select the mage_app interpreter and set the paths if they are not set.

    PHP_CodeSniffer path:

    /var/www/html/vendor/bin/phpcs

    Path to phpcbf:

    /var/www/html/vendor/bin/phpcbf

    Just like the PHP_CodeSniffer interpreter, we can customize:

    PHP Mess Detector path:

    /var/www/html/vendor/bin/phpmd

    PHPStan path:

    /var/www/html/vendor/bin/phpstan

    PHP CS Fixer path:

    /var/www/html/vendor/bin/php-cs-fixer

    Now let’s connect Magento 2 codding standards to our IDE.

    Open a terminal and run inside a container:

    php ./vendor/bin/phpcs –config-set installed_paths ../../magento/magento-coding-standard/

    php ./vendor/bin/phpcs –config-set default_standard PSR1,PSR2,PSR12,Magento2

    Now let’s set up the inspection in IDE File | Settings | Editor | Inspections

    Put a tick next to PHP_CodeSniffer validation

    In the coding_standard field, select Magento 2

    In the Serverity field, select Warning

    And press the “Apply” button

    As a result, our IDE will validate our code, report possible errors and problems, and recommend solutions.

    We can set up other static code analyzers in a similar way.

    Code Inspections improve the quality of development, as it draws the developer’s attention to possible or typical errors and forces them to use the best practices created by the PHP community while writing code. You can learn more about Code Inspections here.

    Xdebug Setup

    Now it’s time to set up and turn on our main tool Xdebug

    Xdebug must be installed and enabled first.

    Also the file php.ini in Docker container, mage_app should contain the following lines:

    xdebug.mode=debug

    xdebug.start_with_request=trigger

    xdebug.discover_client_host = false

    xdebug.client_host = 172.17.0.1

    xdebug.client_port = 11912

    xdebug.log=/var/www/html/xdebug.log

    xdebug.max_nesting_level=1000

    xdebug.idekey=”PHPSTORM”

    Where

    xdebug.client_host – The IP of your PC in the Docker network, and it should also be stored in the XDEBUG_CONFIG environment variable

    Set up the IDE, go to File | Settings | PHP | Servers

    Click on the “+” button

    Name – This value must match the value of the PHP_IDE_CONFIG environment variable

    Host—localhost.

    Port—80.

    Debugger—Xdebug.

    Also set up path mappings.

    Path on our PC /home/user/project_name will be equal to the path /var/www/html inside the mage_app container.

    Open File | Settings | PHP | Debug

    Put a tick next to “Break at first line in PHP script”

    Max. simultaneous connection – 1

    Debug port – 11912

    Port 11912 can be closed by default in which case it should be opened in IP tables.

    iptables -I INPUT -p tcp -m tcp –dport 11912 -j ACCEPT

    If you want to set up Xdebug to work with Windows, MacOS, or if you are interested in the details of using xdebug with Vagrant and the difference in xdebug 2.x and 3.x settings, please read the following article.

    DB Tools

    In order to set up work with the database from PhpStorm let’s head to View | Tool

    Windows | Database, and click on the “+” icon.

    Select Data Sources, in the dialog box that opens, select MariaDB.

    For the convenience of local development, I always specify the base, user, and password as magento.

    Now let’s see what advantages we can enjoy working with a database from an IDE

    • Code completion and highlighting
    • Executing a query in parts
    • Convenient GUI for viewing and changing data
    • Ability to export and import data at a time
    • View the history of executed requests

    Also in PhpStorm you can create diagrams.

    File | Settings | Tools | Diagrams

    Follow the link to learn more about DB tools settings

    Work with the remote codebase

    Since we are working not only with the local environment, we will set up our IDE to work on a remote server.

    File | Settings | Build, Execution, Deployment | Deployment

    Click on the “+” icon and create a new SFTP connection.

    Specify SSH settings when clicking on the “…” button

    Then rt up Mappings and Excluded Paths

    Mappings – Setting up paths to map data between a local project and a remote server.

    Excluded Paths – files and directories that you want to leave untouched. For example

    config.php env.php

    Now in PhpStorm we can view modify and sync files between the remote server and local project.

    Upgrade Compatibility Tool

    In order to make it easier to migrate a project to the latest version of Magento 2, many of us use Upgrade Compatibility Tool

    Upgrade Compatibility Tool – This static analyzer allows you to identify all incompatibilities between the current version of the project and the one for which the upgrade is planned.

    When installing Magento PhpStorm in PhpStorm, it becomes possible to manage the Upgrade Compatibility Tool in the IDE.

    Let’s head to:

    Tools | Configure The Update Compatibility Tool

    And run by clicking on Run The Update Compatibility Tool.

    You can read the best practices for setting up UCT in this article.

    Conclusion

    PhpStorm allows you to significantly improve the quality and speed of development, it is very important for a developer to be able to fine-tune his IDE for a certain type of project and for his individual needs.

    In this article, we have only reviewed the main tools in Php Storm and its configuration in the context of the Magento project, and have not yet touched on the huge number of features that it has. If you’re new to PHP and this is your first time using Jetbrains products, I would highly recommend checking out the official documentation to get started.

    Explore the possibilities of your IDE, implement them in your projects, and share your best practices within the team to make our work as convenient as possible for us and of high quality for our customers.

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